How to protect yourself against 5 most common illness faced by Travellers
Travelling is fun. But only if done in the right manner. Travelling healthy is a major part of travelling happily.
Many times we end up screwing our entire trip after falling ill which can be avoided totally.
Who Hippies are?
Hippies/Travellers are people who are dedicated to living a travelling/nomadic existence.
For them, the world is their home. They do not live at a particular place for long and keep hopping and trotting.
Why should one live like Hippies?
86 per cent of people who travel are more content with their lives, compared with 75 per cent of those who do not travel.
Travel improves three important factors related to happiness. These being- positive emotions, a sense of purpose, and a sense of involvement. Interestingly, the entire process of travelling, right from booking a trip to looking at trip-pictures at a later stage, makes people happier.
Do Travellers Live Longer?
Yes, they do.
As per a recent survey, Hippies/Frequent travellers have a lesser chance of having a heart attack or dying from heart disease compared to those who travelled at least twice a year.[su_spacer size="30"]
5 most common illness faced by Travellers?
1.Deep vein thrombosis(DVT)
It's a blood clot that forms in the veins of your legs. Apart from being painful, it makes long-distance travel difficult for Hippies/Travellers.
What causes a blood clot in the legs?
These blood clots can be caused by anything that prevents our blood from circulating / clotting normally. Some such factors are injury to a vein, surgery, certain medications and limited movement.
How to reduce the risk of DVT while travelling
You should take below precautions while undertaking long-distance travel to reduce the risk of DVT:
- Wear loose clothes.
- Avoid cigarettes and alcohol.
- Drink plenty of fluids (avoid alcohol).
- Move about whenever possible before, during, and after travelling.
- Don't sit with your legs crossed.
- While being seated, perform leg and foot stretches.
- Consult with your doctor before travelling.
When you ascend too rapidly without allowing your body enough time to adjust to changes in oxygen and air pressure, altitude sickness arises.
Altitude sickness symptoms
Its symptoms include headache, vomiting, insomnia and reduced performance and coordination.
Fluid can also build up within the lungs, brain or both in some severe cases. This can be fatal.
Altitude sickness prevention
First aid options include descending immediately, medications and the use of oxygen administered for which you can carry a portable container. We have talked about packing all-round first aid kit in our previous post. That can come to your rescue here.
Other precautionary measures are below:
- avoid alcohol and cigarettes.
- Give them aspirin or paracetamol in the usual recommended doses.
- breathe deeply every few minutes to decrease the level of carbon dioxide in your blood.
- Give them the recommended doses of the drug dexamethasone.
- Give them diuretic drugs (which promote urine production) to reduce the risk of fluid accumulation.
- Administer oxygen from a portable oxygen cylinder.
Certain kinds of motions are sensitive for some persons. In my case, I feel a bit dizzy while moving in a circular motion.
Motion Sickness symptoms
Its symptoms include dizziness, sweating, nausea and vomiting.
Motion Sickness prevention
- Prevention is always better than cure. One should safeguard himself before the journey begins.
- Ginger is particularly helpful. One can either chew on raw ginger or make a quick tea by adding minced ginger to boiling water.
We can also follow below precautions to either prevent motion sickness or at least reduce its effects:
- During motion, fix your gaze at an earth-fixed object. These can be a hill faraway or a building at some distant location.
- It is better to sit in the front seat of the car and look through the window during
- Motion sickness does not usually occur when movement is under a person’s control. Due to this, the driver himself is least likely to get it.
- Inside vehicle, Position yourself where you will experience the least motion.
- The larger the vehicle, the less susceptible it is to motion. Thus, travelling on a ship is always better than a small boat.
- Closing your eye is also an option to blur out sensation.
- Avoid alcohol and take fresh air.
- Don't be anxious.
It is one of the most common issues faced by Hippies & travellers. Many people experience it.
Traveller's diarrhoea Symptoms
These include abdominal pain, cramps and the need to urgently and frequently pass watery stools (faeces).
Traveller's diarrhoea Causes
Most common causes are the consumption of contaminated food or water. In some cases, the micro-organisms that trigger the illness are quite harmless.
It is usually a self-limiting condition that clears up itself after a few days.
Traveller's diarrhoea Precautions
Micro-organisms triggering it clear up themselves in some days. Thus, it's a self limiting condition.
However, one should practice good hygiene by following below steps:
- Wash your hands with soap and water after going to the toilet, and before eating or preparing food.
- After washing your hands, first dry them before touching any food.
- Make sure any dishes, cups or other utensils are completely dry after they are washed.
- Eat at reputable and clean restaurants.
5.Hepatitis A and B
Hepatitis is a virus that affects our liver.
Difference between Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
While Hepatitis A is contracted by ingesting contaminated food and water, Hepatitis B is spread through blood and bodily fluids. Their Symptoms include fatigue, nausea, poor appetite, stomach pain, dark-coloured urine, and yellow skin or eyes (jaundice).
- Both Hepatitis A and B are preventable by a combined needle-stick vaccination.
- Practice safe sex.
- Cover any sore, wound, abrasion with waterproof coverings.
- If the need of blood transfusion comes, check it beforehand for any infection.
It thus makes all the sense to safeguard yourself against these health spoilers which can ruin your entire trip.